University of Oulu

Pekka Lankinen, Chedly Kastally, Anneli Hoikkala, Clinal variation in the temperature and photoperiodic control of reproductive diapause in Drosophila montana females, Journal of Insect Physiology, Volume 150, 2023, 104556, ISSN 0022-1910,

Clinal variation in the temperature and photoperiodic control of reproductive diapause in Drosophila montana females

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Author: Lankinen, Pekka1; Kastally, Chedly2; Hoikkala, Anneli3
Organizations: 1Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-11-06


Insect adaptation to climatic conditions at different latitudes has required changes in life-history traits linked with survival and reproduction. Several species, including Drosophila montana, show robust latitudinal variation in the critical day length (CDL), below which more than half of the emerging females enter reproductive diapause at a given temperature. Here we used a novel approach to find out whether D. montana also shows latitudinal variation in the critical temperature (CTemp), above which the photoperiodic regulation of diapause is disturbed so that the females develop ovaries in daylengths that are far below their CDL. We estimated CTemp for 53 strains from different latitudes on 3 continents after measuring their diapause proportions at a range of temperatures in 12 h daylength (for 29 of the strains also in continuous darkness). In 12 h daylength, CTemp increased towards high latitudes alongside an increase in CDL, and in 3 high-latitude strains diapause proportion exceeded 50% in all temperatures. In continuous darkness, the diapause proportion was above 50% in the lowest temperature(s) in only 9 strains, all of which came from high latitudes. In the second part of the study, we measured changes in CTemp and CDL in a selection experiment favouring reproduction in short daylength (photoperiodic selection) and by exercising selection for females that reproduce in LD12:12 at low temperature (photoperiodic and temperature selection). In both experiments selection induced parallel changes in CDL and CTemp, confirming correlations seen between these traits along latitudinal clines. Overall, our findings suggest that selection towards strong photoperiodic diapause and long CDL at high latitudes has decreased the dependency of D. montana diapause on environmental temperature. Accordingly, the prevalence and timing of the diapause of D. montana is likely to be less vulnerable to climate warming in high- than low-latitude populations.

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Series: Journal of insect physiology
ISSN: 0022-1910
ISSN-E: 0022-1910
ISSN-L: 0022-1910
Volume: 150
Article number: 104556
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2023.104556
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (