Sarkki, S., Pihlajamäki, M., Rasmus, S., & Eronen, J. T. (2023). “Rights for Life” scenario to reach biodiversity targets and social equity for indigenous peoples and local communities. In Biological Conservation (Vol. 280, p. 109958). Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2023.109958.
“Rights for Life” scenario to reach biodiversity targets and social equity for indigenous peoples and local communities
|Author:||Sarkki, Simo1,2; Pihlajamäki, Mia3; Rasmus, Sirpa2,4;|
1Cultural Anthropology, PO Box 1000, University of Oulu, 90014, Finland
2Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, P.O. Box 122, Pohjoisranta 4, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland
3Water and Development Research Group, Aalto University, P.O. Box 15200, FI-00076 Espoo, Finland
4Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, Viikinkaari 1, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
5Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme & Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS), Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, Viikinkaari 1, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
6BIOS Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.3 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi-fe20231106143265
|Publish Date:|| 2023-11-06
Scenarios are a powerful way in which the scientific community can inform future policies for transformative change. Forthcoming scenario work holds promise for the Nature Futures Framework, which through the concept of relational values, seeks to recognize a multiplicity of value positions on human-environment relations, including those of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPLCs). The objective of this Perspective paper is to propose a novel scenario skeleton titled “Rights for Life”, which holds promise to achieve ambitious biodiversity targets in a socially-equitable ways by focusing on the Nature’s and IPLCs’ rights. We demonstrate, through the case of Arctic reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herding, that the “Rights for Life” scenario seems to deliver better social equity outcomes than the recently proposed “Half Earth” and “Sharing the Planet” scenarios that have been designed to achieve ambitious conservation and biodiversity targets. The “Rights for Life” scenario is particularly fit for sparsely-populated indigenous homelands and rural regions where local communities depend on culturally important nature-based livelihoods for their well-being. We recommend that future scenarios targeting human-environment relations should not only consider non-western and relational value perspectives, but also recognize the importance of Nature’s and IPLCs’ rights for ensuring transformative change for equity and the environment. Clear recognition of such rights can function as a basis for new regulations, market-based governance instruments, policies, and participatory governance instruments ensuring that violation of Nature’s and IPLCs’ rights by societal developments is recognized, avoided, minimized, or at least compensated for.
|Type of Publication:||
A1 Journal article – refereed
|Field of Science:||
520 Other social sciences
616 Other humanities
This work has received funding under the European Union's Horizon 2020 - Research and Innovation Framework Programme under grant agreement no. 869471 (CHARTER) and through the MAKERA funds of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Finland. This work was also supported by the Academy of Finland (grant number 338558) and by the Kone Foundation.
No data was used for the research described in the article.
© 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).