University of Oulu

Heesters, N., Müller, O., Marleau, F. R., Duc, P.-A., Sánchez-Janssen, R., Poulain, M., Habas, R., Lim, S., & Durrell, P. R. (2023). Radial velocities and stellar population properties of 56 MATLAS dwarf galaxies observed with MUSE. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 676, A33.

Radial velocities and stellar population properties of 56 MATLAS dwarf galaxies observed with MUSE

Saved in:
Author: Heesters, Nick1; Müller, Oliver1; Marleau, Francine R.2;
Organizations: 1Institute of Physics, Laboratory of Astrophysics, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
2Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 25/8, Innsbruck 6020, Austria
3Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg (ObAS), Université de Strasbourg – CNRS, UMR 7550 Strasbourg, France
4UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
5Space Physics and Astronomy Research Unit, University of Oulu, PO Box 3000 90014 Oulu, Finland
6Department of Astronomy and Center for Galaxy Evolution Research, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea
7Youngstown State University, One University Plaza, Youngstown, OH 44555, USA
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.4 MB)
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: EDP Sciences, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-11-06


Dwarf galaxies have been extensively studied in the Local Group, in nearby groups, and selected clusters, giving us a robust picture of their global stellar and dynamical properties, such as their circular velocity, stellar mass, surface brightness, age, and metallicity in particular locations in the Universe. Intense study of these properties has revealed correlations between them, called the scaling relations, including the well-known universal stellar mass-metallicity relation. However, since dwarfs play a role in a vast range of different environments, much can be learned about galaxy formation and evolution through extending the study of these objects to various locations. We present MUSE spectroscopy of a sample of 56 dwarf galaxies as a follow-up to the MATLAS survey in low- to moderate-density environments beyond the Local Volume. The dwarfs have stellar masses in the range of M*/M⊙ = 106.1–109.4 and show a distance range of D = 14–148 Mpc, the majority of which (75%) are located in the range targeted by the MATLAS survey (10–45 Mpc). We thus report a 75% success rate for the semi-automatic identification of dwarf galaxies (79% for dwarf ellipticals) in the MATLAS survey on the subsample presented here. Using pPXF full spectrum fitting, we determine their line-of-sight velocity and can match the majority of them with their massive host galaxy. Due to the observational setup of the MATLAS survey, the dwarfs are located in the vicinity of massive galaxies. Therefore, we are able to confirm their association through recessional velocity measurements. Close inspection of their spectra reveals that ∼30% show clear emission lines, and thus star formation activity. We estimate their stellar population properties (age and metallicity) and compare our results with other works investigating Local Volume and cluster dwarf galaxies. We find that the dwarf galaxies presented in this work show a systematic offset from the universal stellar mass-metallicity relation toward lower metallicities at the same stellar mass. A similar deviation is present in other works in the stellar mass range probed in this work and might be attributed to the use of different methodologies for deriving the metallicity.

see all

Series: Astronomy and astrophysics
ISSN: 0004-6361
ISSN-E: 1432-0746
ISSN-L: 0004-6361
Volume: 676
Pages: 1 - 17
Article number: A33
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202346441
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 115 Astronomy and space science
Funding: N.H. and O.M. are grateful to the Swiss National Science Foundation for financial support under the grant number PZ00P2_202104. M.P. is supported by the Academy of Finland grant no: 347089. S.L. acknowledges the support from the Sejong Science Fellowship Program by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grand funded by the Korea goverment (MSIT) (No. NRF-2021R1C1C2006790).
Academy of Finland Grant Number: 347089
Detailed Information: 347089 (Academy of Finland Funding decision)
Copyright information: © The Authors 2023. Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.