University of Oulu

Julian David Hunt, Andreas Nascimento, Wenxuan Tong, Behnam Zakeri, Jakub Jurasz, Epari Ritesh Patro, Bojan Ðurin, Diego Augusto de Jesus Pacheco, Marcos Aurélio Vasconcelos de Freitas, Walter Leal Filho, Yoshihide Wada, Perpetual motion electric truck, transporting cargo with zero fuel costs, Journal of Energy Storage, Volume 72, Part D, 2023, 108671, ISSN 2352-152X,

Perpetual motion electric truck, transporting cargo with zero fuel costs

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Author: Hunt, Julian David1,2; Nascimento, Andreas3; Tong, Wenxuan4;
Organizations: 1Climate and Livability Initiative, Center for Desert Agriculture, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
2International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria
3Federal University of Itajubá, Brazil
4North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China
5Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
6University of Oulu, Finland
7University North, Croatia
8Aarhus University, Denmark
9Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
10Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 7.1 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Elsevier, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-11-08


The transportation sector is going through a rapid transition to electric vehicles to minimize our reliance on fossil fuels and reduce CO₂ emissions. This is also happening in the cargo transport sector, with a rapid deployment of electric trucks. This paper proposes that the replacement of diesel trucks with electric trucks should first happen on routes where cargo is delivered from a location with a higher altitude to a location with a lower altitude. This way, the regenerative braking system of the truck can completely recharge the truck’s battery. This paper investigates scenarios where electric trucks could operate indefinitely without grid electricity to charge their batteries. This concept was named perpetual motion electric truck (PMET). Results show that with an average road slope of 5 %, 60 km/h speed, the weight of the cargo should be at least 1.32 times the weight of the truck, PMET can be achieved. PMET is an interesting alternative to reduce electricity demand and increase the sustainability of the transport sector.

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Series: Journal of energy storage
ISSN: 2352-152X
ISSN-E: 2352-1538
ISSN-L: 2352-152X
Volume: 72
Article number: 108671
DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2023.108671
Type of Publication: A1 Journal article – refereed
Field of Science: 218 Environmental engineering
1172 Environmental sciences
512 Business and management
Funding: This research was funded by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, Brazil).
Copyright information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (