University of Oulu

Jonas Oppenlaender, Johanna Silvennoinen, Ville Paananen, and Aku Visuri. 2023. Perceptions and Realities of Text-to-Image Generation. In 26th International Academic Mindtrek Conference (Mindtrek ’23), October 03–06, 2023, Tampere, Finland. ACM, New York, NY, USA, 10 pages.

Perceptions and realities of text-to-image generation

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Author: Oppenlaender, Jonas1; Silvennoinen, Johanna1; Paananen, Ville2;
Organizations: 1University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
2University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Format: article
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.7 MB)
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Language: English
Published: Association for Computing Machinery, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-11-15


Generative artificial intelligence (AI) is a widely popular technology that will have a profound impact on society and individuals. Less than a decade ago, it was thought that creative work would be among the last to be automated — yet today, we see AI encroaching on many creative domains. In this paper, we present the findings of a survey study on people’s perceptions of text-to-image generation. We touch on participants’ technical understanding of the emerging technology, their fears and concerns, and thoughts about risks and dangers of text-to-image generation to the individual and society. We find that while participants were aware of the risks and dangers associated with the technology, only few participants considered the technology to be a personal risk. The risks for others were more easy to recognize for participants. Artists were particularly seen at risk. Interestingly, participants who had tried the technology rated its future importance lower than those who had not tried it. This result shows that many people are still oblivious of the potential personal risks of generative artificial intelligence and the impending societal changes associated with this technology.

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ISBN: 979-8-4007-0874-9
Pages: 279 - 288
DOI: 10.1145/3616961.3616978
Host publication: Academic mindtrek : proceedings of the 26th International Academic Mindtrek Conference, 3rd - 6th Oct, 2023 Tampere, Finland
Conference: International Academic Mindtrek Conference
Type of Publication: A4 Article in conference proceedings
Field of Science: 113 Computer and information sciences
Copyright information: © 2023 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for third-party components of this work must be honored. For all other uses, contact the owner/author(s).