The socio-professional profile of teachers in Mexico: a critical discourse analysis of two documentary films
|Author:||Garza Garcia, Silvia1|
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences and Teacher Education, Educational Sciences
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.2 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:oulu-201306051474
S. Garza Garcia,
|Publish Date:|| 2013-06-17
|Thesis type:||Master's thesis
The main purpose of this thesis is to critical analyze two documentary films, “De Panzazo” and “Grain of Sand”, both about the educational situation in Mexico and both focusing in the profile of the Mexican teacher and its activities that have helped either to “damage” or to “defend” the educational system. This research aims to question the role of the teacher and the relationship with standard educational practices that serve dominant interests by questioning how are the roles of teachers and their accountability represented in both documentaries, and what is the critical social analysis behind each representation?
The work of Teun A. van Dijk in Critical Discourse Analysis is used as the main method and theory of the research that puts into perspective different forms of power control trough the media. The method establishes the use of four categories (Text and Speaker, Context, Meaning, Form and Style and Topics) that allows determining the different ways in where domination and control is established during the discourse of the films. Later on, a comparison between the two films is utilized in order to find the differences of both discourses.
The results of the study provides a critical perspective towards one of the films “De Panzazo” in where teachers are represented as “authoritarians”, “irresponsible”, “well paid professionals” and “failure” providing certain responsibilities are considers “desirable” for teachers such as evaluations to measure their performances that at the end will determine the privatization of the education in Mexico. On the other hand the film “Grain of Sand” provides a different discourse in where teachers are perceived as “social leaders”, “political actors”, “fighters” and teachers that are “oppressed” by different social, political and economical matters.
In conclusion this study reflects the position in where teachers are constantly misunderstood and attacked by mass media, including the production of documentary films that lack to present the other analysis of the Mexican teachers as main contributors of the fight towards the rights of their students, the communities in where they live, and the rights of their own profession.
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