Effects of narcissistic leadership on organizational citizenship behaviors : a case study on the perceptions of media production company employees
1University of Oulu, Oulu Business School, Department of Management and International Business, Management
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 1 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:oulu-201705252103
|Publish Date:|| 2017-06-02
|Thesis type:||Bachelor's thesis
This bachelor’s thesis focuses on the dilemma of narcissistic leadership by examining how it influences organizational citizenship behaviors of employees. Narcissism is approached here through the concept of sub-clinical narcissism via leaders who score particularly high on the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. The perceptions of their employees are studied when they have the ability to reflect their experiences to leadership in the same context that does not display the typical traits of narcissistic personality disorder. Theoretically the research approaches topic by examining how leader’s narcissistic personality influences the dimensions of organizational citizenship behaviors through the mechanisms of transformational leadership. The 7 dimension model of organizational citizenship behaviors by Podsakoff et al. was utilized here in association with the combined 3 mechanism model of transformational leadership by Bass. Instead of assuming the general viewpoint that narcissistic leadership is purely a form of toxic leadership, the research does take into consideration the possibility that not all tendencies associated are simply counterproductive. The research offers a qualitative empirical viewpoint to the subject, which has been surprisingly rare inside the research debate that has been dominated by quantitative studies. The narcissistic leaders were identified using structured questionnaires and information was gathered from their employees using semi-structured theme interviews. This was to specifically gain deep understanding on the topic from the perspective of employees. The results underline the importance of personality-fit in leadership positions. They suggest that when unaware of the true nature of narcissistic leadership, the seemingly charismatic and visionary traits elevate some of the organizational citizenship behavior dimensions. However, when the employees come in touch with the long-term effect of such leadership, it will affect negatively primarily the behavior performed towards organization, indicating that satisfaction towards leaders is closely linked to the prevailing level of organizational citizenship behaviors. The three primary ways how narcissism impaired the behaviors were unethical conducts, leader’s inability to formulate a realistic vision, and reluctance to consider feedback and viewpoints of others. All of these impacted negatively organizational loyalty, civic virtue, sportsmanship, and individual initiative. Organizational compliance, self-development, and for most part helping behavior remained at stable levels despite narcissistic leadership, showing that employees can still strongly relate themselves to other organizational citizens and continue the exhibition of the related citizenship behaviors towards them, but not necessarity towards their organization.
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