Map-based channel model parameterization and comparison of three different deterministic channel modelling methods
1University of Oulu, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, Department of Communications Engineering, Communications Engineering
|Online Access:||PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.9 MB)|
|Persistent link:|| http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:oulu-201907162704
Oulu : G. Selvarasa,
|Publish Date:|| 2019-07-16
|Thesis type:||Master's thesis (tech)
The interest in studying the channel characteristics is exponentially increasing with the growth of the communication systems. Various channel modelling approaches have been discussed in the past decades. The ray-tracing based channel models are distinguished from the other channel models as they consider the environmental information and thus are expected to reflect the real propagation phenomena that exist in that specific environment. The goal of this thesis is to study the propagation channel characteristics of the three different channel models. The two deterministic channel models are the simplified map-based ray tracing channel model implemented in the METIS project and the full ray tracing-based channel model implemented by the Beijing Jiaotong University. The third channel model is the hybrid model based on METIS map-based channel. It uses the deterministic part of the METIS map-based channel model.
Full ray-tracing based models require detailed description of the propagation environment or map and they target on site-specific channel modelling. Such site-specific models are not typically required in performance testing of devices, where the target is to ensure device performance in a typical propagation environment and possibly to cover some extreme cases. The simplifying map-based approach contradicts with the full ray tracing method in the way that the information of the map is reduced by approximating the building shapes and introducing artificial tiles to make scattering in the walls and ground reflections. Map-based channel modelling provides additional realism in channel models compared to traditional stochastic models applied in performance testing.
The urban street canyon scenario was chosen to be modelled. The comparison was carried out at 3.5 GHz by means of performance metrics such as total path loss, LOS and NLOS propagation conditions at UE positions, K-factor, RMS delay spread, statistics of angles, angle spreads, and cross polarization ratios.
The results have showed similarities in the LOS UE positions and dissimilarities in the NLOS UE positions. The reasons are identified and explained in the discussion section. It is decided to investigate the radio channel characteristics of the METIS map-based channel model and hybrid channel model for the future study purpose.
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