University of Oulu

Effect of shadowing and diffraction on the received GNSS signal

Saved in:
Author: Islam, Md Rafiqul1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, Communications Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2 MB)
Pages: 43
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : M. Islam, 2019
Publish Date: 2019-08-30
Thesis type: Master's thesis (tech)
Tutor: Berg, Markus
Reviewer: Berg, Markus
Sonkki, Marko


The characteristics of the GNSS received signal depend on the propagation medium environment. Typically, the transmitted signal interacts with several numbers of obstacles which leads to the multipath propagation to receiver end. In such cases, diffraction over the edges or wedges of the obstacles in the propagation path should be considered. The effects of diffraction and shadowing are the important elements in radio wave propagation because of their strong influence on the received signal quality. Especially, received signal strength and characteristics are very significant for GNSS applications.

This master’s thesis investigates the effect of knife-edge diffraction model and shadowing environment on the received GNSS signal. Characterization of the received signal is investigated both theoretically and experimentally. In the measurement, a dual circular polarized antenna has been used to receive the multipath GPS signal in the shadow region in which antenna was placed in the zenith direction.

The measurement was performed for two scenarios 1) the receiver was in the static position, and 2) in motion for the second measurement. Measurement results show that, the received signals following the Knife-edge diffraction pattern for both measurements case.

In the first measurement case, knife-edge diffraction has been identified in received signal attenuation whereas the interference pattern in the LoS propagation can be observed because of multipath effect. In the deep shadow region, a linearly polarized signal has been received in both antennas because the incident RHCP signal turned into a linearly polarized signal after diffraction. For the second measurement case, knife-edge attenuation pattern is also visible.

A clear agreement between the measured and theoretical aspects has been achieved in the case of knife-edge diffraction.

see all

Copyright information: © Md Rafiqul Islam, 2019. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.