University of Oulu

Design and implementation of a light-based IoT (LIoT) node using printed electronics

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Author: Perera, Malalgodage1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, Communications Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 3.1 MB)
Pages: 76
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : M. Perera, 2020
Publish Date: 2020-07-13
Thesis type: Master's thesis (tech)
Tutor: Katz, Marcos
Godaliyadda, G. M. Roshan Indika
Reviewer: Katz, Marcos


The recent exponential growth of new radio frequency (RF) based applications such as internet of things (IoT) technology is creating a huge bandwidth demand in the already congested RF spectrum. Meanwhile, visible light communication (VLC) is emerging as a technology which can be used as an alternative wireless communications solution which makes no use of the radio spectrum. In addition, continuously powering up the massively deployed IoT nodes is becoming a challenge when it comes to maintenance costs. Development of energy autonomous IoT nodes would certainly assist to solve the energy challenge. Previous work shows that renewable energy sources can be utilized to address the energy requirement of IoT nodes. Under this context, we have developed a light-based energy autonomous IoT (LIoT) prototype. This thesis presents a feasibility study and proof of concept of LIoT, including design, implementation and validation of LIoT nodes and a transmitter unit. Furthermore, the ability of multiuser communication using VLC as well as indoor light-based energy harvesting were demonstrated and tested in this thesis. To make the concept of LIoT more attractive from an implementation standpoint, and to create a future-looking solution, printed electronics (PE) technology was used as a part of the implementation. Two key components of the prototype were based on PE technology, photovoltaic cells used to harvest energy, and displays used to exhibit information transmitted to the LIoT node. In the future, when PE technology becomes more mature, very low-cost, small form-factor and environmentally friendly LIoT nodes could be implemented on thin substrates. A wide array of possible applications can be created combining the concept of light-based IoT with printed electronics. The proposed LIoT concept shows great promise as an enabling technology for 6G.

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Copyright information: © Malalgodage Perera, 2020. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.