University of Oulu

Towards inclusive planning : establishing citizens’ ‘the right to the city’ through participatory urban planning approaches in Oulu and Jhenaidah

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Author: Aishwarya, Arpa1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Oulu School of Architecture
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 25 MB)
Pages: 44
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : A. Aishwarya, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-06-21
Thesis type: Master's thesis (tech)
Tutor: Outila, Tarja
Reviewer: Hentilä, Helka-Liisa
Aarnio, Petri
Outila, Tarja


Urbanization is reconstructing the way people live and the built environment in which they thrive. While different countries are transforming in their unprecedented rates, the final goal is to provide their inhabitants with better quality of life and services in the newly planned cities. Inclusive planning which takes into account participatory approaches is crucial to make new developments sustainable. Participation values inclusiveness and social integration in all aspects of city life. New Urban Agenda 2030 sets a global fundamental where the concept of inclusiveness has been emphasized eminently with special attention to vulnerable participants whose involvement is often left unaccounted for. While a lot of countries have successfully incorporated participation in their planning practices, many others are still challenged by the inequality of power dynamics. For cities to be sustainable, its requires to provide the people with their rights to the city by making urban opportunities accessible for all. People acquiring their rights to the city are empowered to pursue their aspiring quality of life and at the same time generate a sense of belonging to their urban space. This research aims to establish this relationship and how participatory urban planning approaches can induce people to pursue their rights to the city by actively engaging in the process. Through a comparative analysis of two case studies, each from the context of Bangladesh and Finland, the research explores the effectiveness of different participatory strategies on establishing people’s ‘Right to the City’. Taking two divergent perspectives into account and the universal principles set by New Urban Agenda 2030, the study sets a comprehensive understanding of inclusive urban planning, its contribution to social sustainability and the roles architects are playing to support this collective paradigm.

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