University of Oulu

Sexuality education and sexual and gender minorities in school

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Author: Turunen, Senni1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Education, Educational Sciences
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Pages: 41
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Language: English
Published: Oulu : S. Turunen, 2021
Publish Date: 2021-09-13
Thesis type: Bachelor's thesis


This thesis paper examines sexuality education and sexual and gender minorities (SGM) in schools. It focuses especially on the effects of heteronormativity on sexuality education and what this may indicate to the SGM adolescence’s wellbeing in schools. These themes are pondered also in the Finnish context by examining Finnish and international studies about heteronormativity and its effect on sexuality education. This literature review is narrative in its nature and highlights the importance of inclusive sexuality education that meets the needs of sexual and gender minority youth.

This topic has not been researched very vastly in the Finnish context recently. In this thesis the focus is on heteronormativity and its effects on SGM youth’s wellbeing especially in sexuality education but also in general in school. The results of this paper suggest heteronormativity and heteronormative practices causes invisibility of SGMs in sexuality education classes and schools, which in turn naturally affects their wellbeing. This paper investigates the possibilities and benefits a framework based on social justice and rights-based sexuality education could offer. It also looks at the challenges that may come with it based mostly on research done internationally.

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Copyright information: © Senni Turunen, 2021. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.