University of Oulu

Short review on structural analysis of activated carbon anodes for lithium-ion batteries

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Author: Leinonen, Jere1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Chemistry
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.7 MB)
Pages: 36
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Language: English
Published: Oulu : J. Leinonen, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-05-10
Thesis type: Bachelor's thesis


In this paper, common structural analysis methods of activated carbon anodes for lithium-ion batteries are reviewed shortly. These include transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption. The key parameters extracted with the analysis methods are collected into a table. Basics about batteries and chemical activation of carbon are also discussed.

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Copyright information: © Jere Leinonen, 2022. Except otherwise noted, the reuse of this document is authorised under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) licence ( This means that reuse is allowed provided appropriate credit is given and any changes are indicated. For any use or reproduction of elements that are not owned by the author(s), permission may need to be directly from the respective right holders.