University of Oulu

Assessment of the Building Situation Tool adoption among firefighters

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Author: Sever, Filip1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Education, Educational Sciences
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 0.6 MB)
Pages: 47
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : F. Sever, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-09-19
Thesis type: Master's thesis
Tutor: Vuopala, Essi
Reviewer: Laru, Jari
Impiö, Niina


Technology and technical tools have become standard resources that first responders use in their work. Throughout an incident, technology serves to improve communications, planning, safety, situational awareness, and decision-making. Certain incidents require specialized tools to resolve the crisis, whether it is for the law enforcement, medical, or firefighter unit to manage. One under-utilized technology is building sensors, recording information on temperature, CO2, smoke, airflow, and movement in the building. While modern buildings include sensors to monitor for potential dangers, that information is not shared with the fire department beyond notification of a fire alert. Despite the considerable number of hardware and software solutions adopted, firefighters in Kainuu, Finland still rely on paper plans when examining indoor disasters. The Building Situation Tool (BUST) was developed to utilize the building sensors and visualize the building as a 3D model, to provide firefighters with a realtime overview of the site during emergencies.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the technological competencies of firefighters, determine the usability and ease of use of BUST, and examine the factors that influence the adoption of BUST. The constructs of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), selfefficacy, and workplace learning are used. These three constructs provide insight into how the intention to use technology is modeled, how users perceive their knowledge and use of technology, and how the workplace influences learning and performance.

A mixed-method approach was used in this study. The firefighter’s technology self-efficacy, perceived usefulness, and ease of were recorded through quantitative questionnaires. The firefighter’s experiences in using the technology and factors that influence adoption were recorded through a questionnaire and interview. The findings show a sufficient level of competency, that first-time users prefer guided instructions, clarity in the user interface, controls, and options to customize the user interface. The findings have practical implications for the future development of BUST and its adoption in the workflow of firefighters.

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Copyright information: © Filip Sever, 2022. Except otherwise noted, the reuse of this document is authorised under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) licence ( This means that reuse is allowed provided appropriate credit is given and any changes are indicated. For any use or reproduction of elements that are not owned by the author(s), permission may need to be directly from the respective right holders.