University of Oulu

A novel anomaly detection mechanism for Open radio access networks with Peer-to-Peer Federated Learning

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Author: Attanayaka, Dinaj1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, Communications Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 4.8 MB)
Pages: 78
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : D. Attanayaka, 2022
Publish Date: 2022-12-14
Thesis type: Master's thesis (tech)
Tutor: Porambage, Pawani
Ylianttila, Mika
Reviewer: Porambage, Pawani
Ylianttila, Mika


Open radio access network (O-RAN) has been recognized as a revolutionary architecture to support the different classes of wireless services needed in fifth-generation (5G) and beyond 5G networks, which have various reliability, bandwidth, and latency requirements. It provides significant advantages based on the disaggregation and cloudification of the components, the standardized open interfaces, and the introduction of intelligence. However, these new features including the openness and the distributed nature of the O-RAN architecture have created new forms of threat surfaces than the conventional RAN architecture and require complex anomaly detection mechanisms. With the introduction of RAN intelligent controllers (RICs) in the O-RAN architecture, it is possible to utilize advanced artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) algorithms based on closed control loops to perform automated security management in a data-driven manner, including detecting anomalies. In this thesis, the use of Federated Learning (FL) for anomaly detection in the O-RAN architecture is investigated, which can further preserve data privacy in a sensitive data processing system such as RAN. A Peer-to-Peer (P2P) FL-based anomaly detection mechanism is proposed for the O-RAN architecture and provides comprehensive analysis of four variants of P2P FL techniques. Three of the models are based on secure multiparty average computing, and the other is a homomorphic averaging-based model that provide protection against semi-honest local trainers. Moreover, the proposed models are simulated using the UNSW-NB15 dataset in a Python environment and the performance is tested using the same dataset. The simulation results indicated that all the proposed models have improved accuracy and F1-score values.

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Copyright information: © Dinaj Attanayaka, 2022. Except otherwise noted, the reuse of this document is authorised under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) licence ( This means that reuse is allowed provided appropriate credit is given and any changes are indicated. For any use or reproduction of elements that are not owned by the author(s), permission may need to be directly from the respective right holders.