University of Oulu

Augmented-LSTM and 1D-CNN-LSTM based DPD models for linearization of wideband power amplifiers

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Author: Ambagahawela Rathnayake Mudiyanselage, Anusha1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, Communications Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 1.8 MB)
Pages: 41
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : A. Ambagahawela Rathnayake Mudiyanselage, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-05-08
Thesis type: Master's thesis (tech)
Tutor: Rajatheva, Premanandana
Pirinen, Pekka
Reviewer: Rajatheva, Premanandana
Pirinen, Pekka


Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have gained popularity in modeling the nonlinear behavior of wideband power amplifiers. Recently, modern researchers have used two types of neural network architectures, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), to model power amplifier behavior and compensate for power amplifier distortion. Each architecture has its own advantages and limitations. In light of these, this study proposes two digital pre-distortion (DPD) models based on LSTM and CNN. The first proposed model is an augmented LSTM model, which effectively reduces distortion in wideband power amplifiers. The measurement results demonstrate that the proposed augmented LSTM model provides better linearization performance than existing state-of-the-art DPDs designed using ANNs. The second proposed model is a 1D-CNN-LSTM model that simplifies the augmented LSTM model by integrating a CNN layer before the LSTM layer. This integration reduces the number of input features to the LSTM layer, resulting in a low-complexity linearization for wideband PAs. The measurement results show that the 1D-CNN-LSTM model provides comparable results to the augmented LSTM model. In summary, this study proposes two novel DPD models based on LSTM and CNN, which effectively reduce distortion and provide low-complexity linearization for wideband PAs. The measurement results demonstrate that both models offer comparable performance to existing state-of-the-art DPDs designed using ANNs.

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Copyright information: © Anusha Ambagahawela Rathnayake Mudiyanselage, 2023. Except otherwise noted, the reuse of this document is authorised under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) licence ( This means that reuse is allowed provided appropriate credit is given and any changes are indicated. For any use or reproduction of elements that are not owned by the author(s), permission may need to be directly from the respective right holders.