University of Oulu

Comparison of solar output of vertical and inclined solar panels in the high north

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Author: Manjunatha Swamy, Vivek1
Organizations: 1University of Oulu, Faculty of Technology, Environmental Engineering
Format: ebook
Version: published version
Access: open
Online Access: PDF Full Text (PDF, 2.4 MB)
Pages: 61
Persistent link:
Language: English
Published: Oulu : V. Manjunatha Swamy, 2023
Publish Date: 2023-06-20
Thesis type: Master's thesis (tech)
Tutor: Pongracz, Eva
Shekar, Vinay
Reviewer: Pongracz, Eva
Shekar, Vinay


This thesis presents a comprehensive literature review on the endurance of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in high north conditions and the optimized setup parameters for maximizing their output. To simulate data, PV panels were considered in the high north region of Oulu, Finland, and their output was measured under various setup parameters. The data was then analyzed using SketchUp simulation with the Skelion plug- in to determine the optimized setup parameters that yield maximum output.

The findings of the study highlight the importance of tilt angles and orientation for maximizing energy production. The evaluation of different tilt angles, including vertical panels, roof-mounted panels with varying tilt angles, and inclined panels on a carousel, revealed that tilt angles closer to 45 to 47 degrees contribute to improved solar PV performance. Inclined panels exhibited peak outputs during the summer months, while vertically mounted panels performed better during spring. The optimal tilt angle was determined to be 45–47 degrees, enabling effective energy generation throughout the year.

The study also emphasized the significance of south-facing panel orientation, which consistently yielded higher energy production compared to other orientations. Furthermore, the thesis suggests future research directions, including the incorporation of complex weather variables, analysis of regional variation and temperature patterns, and the integration of advanced technologies into solar PV system simulations.

Overall, this research contributes valuable insights for the design, installation, and optimization of solar PV systems in high north conditions, promoting the adoption of efficient and sustainable solar energy solutions.

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Copyright information: © Vivek Manjunatha Swamy, 2023. This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.